CDC: Increase in Cases of Cyclosporiasis Infection Reported

Jennifer Barrett, Assistant Editor
Published Online: Thursday, August 10th, 2017
The CDC Health Alert Network issued a health advisory identifying an increase in reported cases of cyclosporiasis in summer 2017. 

As of August 2, 2017, 206 cases of infection have been reported to the CDC in individuals who have been infected in the United States and became ill on or after May 1, 2017, which is higher than the number of cases reported by this date in 2016, according to the advisory. The cases have been reported from 27 states, and 18 cases reported hospitalization. No deaths have occurred.
 
Cyclosporiasis, which is an intestinal illness caused by a parasite is transmitted through consumption of food or water contaminated with the Cyclospora cayetanensis parasite. However, direct person-to-person transmission is not possible.
 
The most common symptom of cyclosporiasis is watery diarrhea, which can be profuse. Other symptoms include anorexia, fatigue, weight loss, nausea, flatulence, abdominal cramping, and myalgia. Symptoms may begin an average of 7 days after infection, and if untreated, the illness can last from a few days to a month or longer.
 
Cyclosporiasis is treated with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX). There have been no effective alternative treatments identified.
 
According to the CDC, investigations to identify a potential source of infection are ongoing and it is too early to determine whether cases of infection in different states are related to each other.
 
The CDC recommends health care providers to:

·      Consider a diagnosis of cyclosporiasis in patients who have prolonged or remitting-relapsing diarrheal illness.
·      Specifically order testing for Cyclospora if indicated, whether testing is requested by ova and parasite examination, by molecular methods, or by a gastrointestinal pathogen panel test. The CDC notes that several stool specimens may be required because Cyclospora oocysts may shed intermittently and at low levels.
·      Report cases to local health departments.
 
Reference
 
Increase in reported cases of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection, United States, Summer 2017 [news release]. CDC Health Alert Network. CDC’s website. https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/han00405.asp. Accessed August 8, 2017.
 


Current Issue

The Educated Patient

Kristen Marjama, DNP, FNP-BC
The National Health Interview Survey in 2014 estimated that 17.7 million adults and 6.3 million children had asthma.
Mary McCormack, MSN, APNC, MPH
The World Gastroenterology Organization describes the prevalence of celiac disease as a “statistical iceberg” in today’s health climate.
Melissa DeCapua, DNP, PMHNP-B-C
Diabetic retinopathy causes more losses of vision worldwide than any other eye disease, affecting 33% of the 285 million individuals suffering from diabetes.
Janet Gilbreath, DNP, MBA, MSN, FNP-BC
Head lice are 6-legged insects about the size of a sesame seed that cling to the scalp and neck and survive by feeding on human blood.
$vacMongoViewPlus$ $vAR$
Contemporary Clinic
MJH Associates
American Journal of Managed Care
Cure
MD Magazine
ONCLive
OTCGuide
Pharmacy Times
Specialty Pharmacy Times
Targeted Oncology
About Us
Advertise
Careers
Contact Us
Feedback
Privacy
Terms & Conditions
Pharmacy Healthcare & Communications, LLC
2 Clarke Drive
Suite 100
Cranbury, NJ 08512
P: 609-716-7777
F: 609-257-0701

Copyright Contemporary Clinic 2017
Pharmacy Healthcare & Communications, LLC. All Rights Reserved.